About Component 2 – Governance & Community Participation
In order to address the needs of both non-oil palm as well as oil palm communities in the SADP areas, the GoPNG, supported by the World Bank, has decided to support a multi-sectoral component based on the community-driven development approach (CDD) and working through the local governance framework.
This will allow the Project to demonstrate efficient and replicable ways for tackling some of the priority issues affecting rural areas, particularly in relation to local-level government and its role in service delivery.
SADP governance and community participation activities (under Component 2) will also complement the efforts of other development partners who support community-driven development and decentralization. The World Bank has considerable experience in supporting community-driven approaches and local governance around the world.
The component design supports the GoPNG development strategy and is in line with the World Bank's overall goals, ensuring that the appropriate social and environmental safeguards will be applied.
"To develop and demonstrate sustainable mechanisms for local governance, supplementing current grants provided by the national government to LLG's in the SADP areas, and promoting participatory planning and local accountability at the community level."
The implementation of the component activities will be phased, with initial activities occurring in five LLG's in the first two years. Only after a thorough review and adjustment process will activities be rolled out to a further ten LLG's. The Project will support self-reliant local development through the provision of assured funding to LLG's to support activities prioritised and planned by the communities themselves.
The release of funds will be preceded by the mobilisation of all local community groups and sectors. Training will be provided at the LLG and ward level aimed at ensuring transparent, accountable, open, and participatory planning, environmental and social review, budgeting, and implementation processes. Local service providers and community facilitators will assist with mobilisation and training.
The improvement in the capacity of local government and community institutions to deliver services and promote local accountability will benefit all communities in the target districts, irrespective of their level of involvement with oil palm production. Non oil palm producing communities and communities where only a small part of livelihood is related to oil palm will also be provided with an equal opportunity to plan and prioritise activities aimed at improving basic services and livelihood opportunities.
Target Groups & Population
Over five years the Project will target all LLG's in Oro Province (five in Ijivitari District, and four in Sohe District), and all six of the LLG's in Talasea District of West New Britain Province. Both urban and rural LLG's are targeted in each province.
The population of the combined target areas, according to the 2000 Census, is some 45,640 households with a total population of 261,830 people. Considerable population growth has occurred, however, since the time of the census.